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雅思写作讨论类的文章应该怎样写?

2017-11-21 16:19:25作者:阅读量:

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  雅思写作有哪些题型?数一数,我们可以分为五类;观点类(agree or disagree),讨论类(discuss both views and give your own opinion),优劣势(advantages outweigh the disadvantages),报告文(why and solution)以及混合类(why?positive or negative development)。
  很多“烤鸭”都会认为观点类、讨论类以及优劣势的文章都可以用一种写作结构。其实不然。每一种题型都有属于自己的写作结构,其中讨论类是最需要注意的。下面小编就专门针对讨论类的文章给大家详细分析。
  通常情况下,讨论类题目的提问方式是:Discuss both views and give your own opinion。从提问可知,我们需要满足两个要求,第一就是“讨论双方观点”,第二个就是“给出自己的观点”。因此,我们就很好地可以确定文章的结构。
  开头段背景句+双方题目转述
  (不需要表达个人观点)
  Body 1讨论题目中第一个观点的合理性
  Body 2讨论题目中第二个观点的合理性
  Body 3给出自己的观点
  雅思写作讨论类的文章应该这样写.png
  这时,很多“烤鸭”会问,结尾段呢?答案就是“可不写结尾段”!原因就是文章的主体三个段落已经完全回答了题目的要求。这样的写法,考官也用,以《剑桥真题6》第二篇范文为例。
  Successful sports professions can earn a great deal more money than people in other important professions. Some people think this is fully justified while others think it is unfair.
  Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  Body 1
  (论述为什么有的人认为“体育明星的高收入不公平”)
  Many people find their rewards unfair, especially when comparing these super salaries with those top surgeons or research scientists, or even leading politicians who have the responsibility of governing the country. However, sports salaries are not determined by considering the contribution to society a persona makes, or the level of responsibility he or she holds. Instead, they reflect the public popularity of sports in general and the level of public support that successful stars can generate. So the notion of ‘fairness’ is not the issue.
  Body 2
  (论述为什么有的人认为“体育明星的高收入是合理的”)
  Those who feel that sports stars’ salaries are justified might argue that the number of professionals with real talent are very few, and the money is a recognition of the skills and dedication a person needs to be successful. Competition is constant and a player is tested every time they perform in their relatively short career. The pressure from the media is intense and there is little privacy out of the spotlight. So all of these factors may justify the huge earnings.
  Body 3
  (表面自己的观点)
  Personally, I think that the amount of money such sports stars make is more justified than the huge earning of movie stars, but at the same time, it indicates that our society places more value on sport than more essential professionals and achievements.
  所以,对于讨论类的文章,我们只需要完全回答题目的要求就可以了,文章的结构也是特别的简单明了。
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