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雅思托福词汇难记,外国人考试需要记英语单词吗?

2016-12-08 17:53:02作者:阅读量:

  对出国党来说,语言考试,是留学必经的第一道坎。而记单词则是大多数学生最头痛的部分,尽管从小到大,我们从老师、学姐、网络等渠道搜集经验贴。但效果却因人而异,冷静下来找方法的你。有没有好奇过,除了耳濡目染,歪果仁都是如何背单词、学新词的呢?

  今天,文都留学就给大家分享下美国人记单词的经验指南。

  美国小朋友怎么学单词?

  When you were chirdern, how did you learn new English words?

  你小的时候,怎么学新词?

  We had books & stories with vocabulary lists,Textbook,Passage.We also had vocabulary assignments in school.We were given a list of words that we needed to look up in the dictionary Antonyms,Synonyms,Construct sentences.

  我们有英语课本,通过课文学单词,课本 ,课文,也有词汇功课。老师会给我们一串词,让我们查字典,反义词,近义词,同义词,造句。

  美国成年人怎么学单词?

  We looked up answers on Quora. Adults learn new words through reading and social interaction.

  我们看美国的一个问答网站:Quora。成年人学新词主要靠阅读和实际生活接触。

  1.上下文、语境很重要!

  When you encounter a new word, you can often infer its meaning from the context.Don't just memorize vocabulary lists.They don't give you the context.You might know the meaning of the word without retaining or internalizing it.Vocabulary words are the building blocks of your language ability, but don’t be obsessed with just memorizing vocabulary.It’s more useful to know how to use 50 words than to memorize 100.

  遇到一个新词,你通常可以通过上下文来推断这个词是什么意思,不要单纯去背一串单词,这样没有语境,这样就算知道了意思也不会用。虽然词汇非常重要,是学语言的基础,但千万别迷失在单纯背单词这件事上,会用50个词比能背出100个词更有意义。

  2.不要一味追求高难度

  Read things you’re interested in or will use.You don’t have to read classical novels. Charles Dickinson,Jane Austen,Broadsheet newspapers such as New York Times or the Wall Street Journal might not be suitable either.The content might not be the most practical or useful to you.The language might also be too difficult.You might need to check 80% of the words you're reading.It disrupts the learning flow.

  读你自己感兴趣、用得到的内容,不一定要读经典小说才有质量。狄更斯、奥斯汀、纽约时报、华尔街日报这样的严肃大报也不一定合适。这些内容对你不一定实用,语言也有可能太难了,你可能要查80%读到的词,这样会打乱学习的连贯性。

  3. 20%不懂的内容是最佳难度

  Content where you don't understand 20% of the words is the most helpful.It means you can pretty much infer new words from the context.Pay attention to the sentences where the new words occured so that you know how to use them.Define reading in broader terms.Find content that motivates and matches your interest and hobbies.High frequency content,Even work-related topics could be fun to read.Check American news portals,Current affairs/events.

  20%不懂的内容是最佳难度,因为你基本上可以从上下文推断出新词的意思。也要注意新词汇出现的句子,这样你会知道怎么用这个词。广泛定义阅读,找能激发你兴趣的内容读,找你使用频率高的内容, 即使工作类的内容,只要对你有用,也是好的资源。查看美国新闻门户网站,时事。

  4. 听美国播客

  I learn a lot of new words from listening to podcasts.NPR has a many great podcasts.On Point. It covers a wide range of topics.You will learn a wide range of things and words and natural expressions.

  我很多新词都是听美国播客学的,美国国家公共电台有很多好节目,NPR旗下一个每日更新的新闻节目,涉及的主题非常广,你能学到广泛丰富的新词和自然的表达方式。

  5.记笔记

  I kept a notebook when I was in school,I'd write down new words every day,I'd write down each word and its definition for a few times to help me memorize,I'd also write down the sentence where the new word was used,It helped me internalize the new words.

  我上学的时候有一本单词笔记本,每天接触的新词会记下来,每个词和解释多写几遍,增加记忆力,也会记下新词出现的句子,这样能帮我真正掌握新词。

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