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托福题型介绍 托福题型最全解析

2016-09-19 09:44:26作者:阅读量:

  很多同学都是闻“托”丧胆。托福考试究竟分为哪几部分,每部分都考些什么呢?俗话说,知己知彼,百战不殆。只有透彻了解对手,才能各个击败。

托福考试题型
 
  注:不一定每次考试都会有加试。加试也分为三种情况:阅读加试,听力加试,阅读听力双加试。请同学们一定要认真对待。
 
  阅读题型
 
  阅读全部为选择题,每篇文章12-14个题目。
 
  从出题形式上来看,每篇文章最后一题为多选题,其余题目均为单选题。
 
  从考察目的来看,分为下面10种题型。
 
  1、Factual information questions(3-6个/篇)细节题
 
  一般以what/when/which 提问,考察文章中某个细节信息的理解,通常为某一句话
 
  e.g. According to paragraph1, what was true of the Sahara region around 6000 B.C.?
 
  2、Negative Factual Information questions(0-2个/篇)排除题
 
  问题里带有 Except,考察细节信息,但是不是某句话,可能是一段,甚至两段中的细节
 
  e.g. All of the following students were true of newly domesticated animals EXCEPT:
 
  3、Inference questions(0-2个/篇)推理题
 
  推理出原文暗含但没有明确陈述的信息
 
  提问方式:What can be inferred from paragraph 4 about the trumpeting of bull elk?
 
  4、Rhetorical Purpose Questions(0-2个/篇)修辞目的题
 
  提问方式:作者为什么提到文章中的某个单词或句子?考察论点与论据的关系,例如提到某个事物可能是为本段的论点提供一个具体的例子。
 
  e.g. Why does the author mention the “rock paintings deep in the Sahara”?
 
  5、Reference Questions (0-2个/篇)指代题
 
  考察代词的指代对象
 
  提问方式:What does the word “it” refer in the paragraph 4?
 
  6、Sentence Simplification questions(1个/篇)简化句子题
 
  考察重点:抓住长难句的核心信息
 
  提问方式: Which of the sentences below best expressed the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage?
 
  7、Vocabulary questions (3-5个/篇)词汇题
 
  e.g. The word “albeit” in the passage is closest in meaning….
 
  8、Insert Text Questions (1个/篇)插入句子题
 
  提问方式:在某一段落中抽出一句话,并将其放回原文合适的位置
 
  考察重点:上下文的连接
 
  e.g. Look at the four squares that indicate where the following sentence can be added to the passage.
 
  This is a question that has puzzled scientists for ages.
 
  Where would the sentence best fit?
 
  9、Prose Summary 文章小结题
 
  10、Fill in a Table 完成图表题
 
  小结题和图表题是对文章核心内容的概括,这两种题型在每篇阅读中只出现一个。
 
  听力题型
 
  1.Gist-Content
 
  考察要点:考察学生对对话主旨和要点的抓取
 
  提问方式:What are the speakers mainly discussing? What is the main topic of the lecture?
 
  2.Gist-Purpose
 
  考察要点:概括对话目的
 
  提问方式:Why does the student visit the professor?
 
  3.Details
 
  考察重点:与主旨相关的详细细节
 
  提问方式:According to the professor, what is one way that X can affect Y? What resulted from the invention of the X?
 
  4.Understanding the Function of What Is Said
 
  考察重点:对话中某句话的目的,其中会重放该句话
 
  提问方式:What does the professor imply when he says this: (replay)
 
  5.Understanding the Speaker’s Attitude
 
  考察重点:说话人的态度,包括感受、喜好、确定性等
 
  提问方式:What is the professor’s attitude toward X?
 
  6.Understanding Organization
 
  考察重点:文章的基本机构,或者两部分内容的关系
 
  提问方式:-How does the professor organize the information that she presents to the class?
 
  In the order in which the events occurred
 
  -How does the professor clarify the points he makes about Mexico?
 
  By comparing Mexico to a neighboring country
 
  7.Connecting Content
 
  考察重点:考察文章中不同内容直接的关系,因果、对比等
 
  提问方式:What is the likely outcome of doing procedure X before procedure Y?
 
  8.Making Inferences
 
  考察重点:根据已有信息,得出一个结论
 
  提问方式:What will the student probably do next?
 
  口语题型
 
  1. Independent question
 
  考察重点:描述一个人、物、事件、地点
 
  时间要求:15秒准备,45秒描述
 
  提问方式举例:
 
  e.g. Choose a teacher you admire and explain why you admire him or her. Please include specific examples and details in your explanation.
 
  2. Independent question
 
  考察重点:在两种情形中做出选择,并说明为什么这样选
 
  时间要求:15秒准备,45秒描述
 
  提问方式举例:
 
  Some students study for classes individually. Others study in groups. Which method of studying do you think is better for students and why?
 
  3. Integrated question
 
  考察重点:阅读一篇校园情形的文章,如校园政策通常75-100字,听力播放两个人关于该话题的讨论
 
  时间要求:30秒准备,60秒描述
 
  提问方式:某个人的观点是什么,为什么反对或赞成该观点
 
  The woman expresses her opinion of the announcement by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.
 
  4.Integrated question
 
  出题形式:阅读一篇学术文章,播放一段相关主题的讲座。阅读通常比较概括,听力比较具体
 
  时间要求:30秒准备,60秒描述
 
  提问方式:某个人的观点是什么,为什么反对或赞成该观点
 
  The professor describes the behavior of horses and antelope in herds. explain how their behavior is related to their suitability for domestication.
 
  5.Integrated question
 
  出题形式:听一篇校园情景类对话,关于某一问题,两个人各自有不同意见。提问听力所讨论的问题,你认为哪种解决方案好,理由
 
  时间要求:20秒准备,60秒描述
 
  提问方式:
 
  The students discuss two possible solutions to the woman’s problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.
 
  6.Integrated question
 
  出题形式:听一篇学术类讲座,通常关于某个理论、方法等,根据讲座内容回答学术问题
 
  时间要求:20秒准备,60秒描述
 
  提问方式:
 
  Using points and examples from the talk, explain how the automobile and the radio contributed to a common culture in the United States.
 
  写作部分
 
  一篇综合写作,一篇独立作文,共计50分钟。
 
  1.综合写作:
 
  出题形式:3分钟时间阅读一篇学术类文章,文章从屏幕消失后,播放一段与阅读内容相关的听力,然后总结听力与文章的要点内容,并说明听力为什么总结反驳的文章的观点。
 
  时间及字数:
 
  写作时间20分钟,字数150-225
 
  e.g. Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard, explaining how they cast doubt on points made in the reading.
 
  2.独立写作:
 
  出题形式:独立写作通常要求就某个开放性话题表达观点,并说明自己的理由。话题通常为日常常见话题,涉及工作、教育、环保等话题。
 
  e.g. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
 
  字数及时间:300字以上 30分钟
标签: 托福题型
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