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雅思口语换题月怎么提高雅思口语的备考效率?

2016-09-25 14:29:45作者:阅读量:

  每年的1、5、9月是雅思口语的换题月,也是烤鸭们的发愁之时:好不容易准备的话题到了换题月就淘汰了一半,真正应上了那句:雄关漫道真如铁,而今迈步从头越。换题月的到来意味着考生们又要重新花上很多宝贵的时间,对新话题进行逐个了解。至少在考试的时候保证自己知道应该说什么并且从哪里开始说,不至于接过话题卡后就头脑空白手足无措。
 
  那么问题来了:老师,我的时间特别的紧,到了最后冲刺阶段,每天我都是平均的进行练习,现在由于口语变题,我的整个备考计划都被打乱了。口语几乎占据了我大部分的备考时间,我该怎么办?
 
  上面的问题确实困扰了很多考生。在这里,文都语培部的老师给大家找到了一个小窍门,叫做话题转移法。通过话题转移的方法,希望各位考生能够提高雅思口语的备考效率,不再被备考时间所困扰。
 
  当然,这里我们所说的话题转移是一个比较宏观的概念,文都语培部的老师又将它细化成了三个点,用我们中文中的成语可分别概括为:如法炮制,殊途同归和双管齐下。
 
  话题转移法之如法炮制
 
  所谓如法炮制,原指按照一定的方法制作中药,现比喻照着现成的样子做。在雅思口语变题过程中,很多话题是照着原有的话题进行改变的。因此,在备考的过程中,我们只需要抓住这些话题的相似性,用相似的方法进行解答即可。不能因为话题“新”而惧怕它,其实它只是某个话题的影子罢了。
 
  举例来说,最近考生们觉得最郁闷的考题就是Part 1中的hat, 乍一听,还反应不过来。“帽子竟然成功逆袭成了雅思考题!”大家都唏嘘不已。考到此话题的同学更是直呼这场考试一开始就意味着结束了。
 
  下面我们来具体看一下问题都有哪些:
 
  Hats
 
  Do you usually wear hats?
 
  When will people wear hats?
 
  Do people wear hats for keeping up with the latest fashion?
 
  对于这个话题,事实上我们就可以如法炮制,因为在这之前,相信大家都准备过Part 1话题clothes, 既然它们都是穿着类话题,为什么我们不能用同样的方法进行回答呢?当我们备考clothes的时候,我们是从衣服的要素来进行问题解答的,它包括:style, place for shopping, color, material, function等要素。同样的,我们可以把话题的这些要素转移到现在这个话题上。
 
  Style: baseball hat(棒球帽);knitting hat(针织帽);sunbonnet(太阳帽);beret(贝雷帽)
 
  Place for shopping: street market; shopping mall; online store
 
  Color: dark-colored; light colored
 
  Material: cotton; cloth; straw
 
  Function: fashion; sunblock; keep out the cold
 
  按照相似要素进行话题分析后,我们就可以方便地进行话题回答了。以下是三个示例回答,大家可以参考:
 
  Do you usually wear hats?
 
  Actually, I seldom wear hat except the sunny days in summer. I mainly will choose to wear the sunbonnet to block the strong sunshine. Well, it is a kind of self-protection.
 
  When will people wear hat?
 
  People wear hats during various occasions. For instance, it is common for youth to wear hats when they hang out with friends. It is a symbol of fashion when matching different styles of hats. Moreover, people tend to wear hats in different seasons as a tool to block the sun or keep out the cold.
 
  Do people wear hats for keeping up with the latest fashion?
 
  Yes, I do think so. Hats now function more as ornaments. They can cater to the latest fashion well as different styled hats can match different clothes well. For example, the baseball hat fits the sports clothes well and the beret can match some formal clothes. That is the main reason why hats are good reflections of latest fashion.
 
  当然,如法炮制不仅适用于clothes和hat这一对话题上,在我们之前的话题leisure time和现在的outdoor activity上也是适用的,还有近期考频较高的walking, bicycle话题,跟之前的transport话题之间的要素也是可以互相转换的,大家可以适当的把话题相关要素进行转移,并且按照相似要素进行思维发散来备考,这样话题就能事半功倍啦!
 
  话题转移法之殊途同归
 
  殊途同归,我们可以从字面上来了解其意思,就是通过不同的途径,到达同一个目的地。也就是说以不同的方法,得到相同的结果。要高效率地备考雅思口语,文都语培部的专家建议大家可以适当地找到各话题之间的相同点,来进行相似的描述,以减少准备话题的个数。即:雅思各个不同的话题我们可以看成殊途,我们可以在有限的备考时间内发现它们是否能够同归。
 
  近期,相信很多关注雅思变脸的考生们会发现,我们的考题列表中又出现了app这个话题,让我们describe an app in your phone or your computer, 事实上,这应该是大家很熟悉的一个话题,在去年一年的雅思考试中,app这个话题一直都是一个热门的话题,准备过的考生也一定有很多。当然,相信很多考生也比较熟悉这个话题的描述方法。
 
  Describe an app in your mobile phone or computer
 
  You should say:
 
  What app it is
 
  What contents it has
 
  How you use it
 
  And explain why it is a useful app.
 
  通常我们的描述逻辑是通过介绍app, 它的基本功能,并且结合用户实用感受来说明其强大性。
 
  但是下面这个考题我们似乎并没有接触过-——describe a method for you to save money, “要说起省钱的方法,那就是不花钱,少花钱。这个要怎么说明白呢?”烤鸭犯难中。
 
  那是否我们可以把app话题转移一下呢?转移到我们要说的省钱办法,因为method是一个抽象词,因此,我们可以把它具体到某个方法上,例如这里,我们就可以说成an app for you to save money, 这样话题就可以成功地转移过来。因此,我们无需花更多的时间去思考其他的方法,而且一下子两个话题都准备好了。
 
  Describe a method for you to save money
 
  You should say:
 
  What the method is
 
  How you know this way
 
  What you do due to the method
 
  And explain why it is a good way to save money.
 
  文都语培部的老师选择介绍的app是一个老师每天都使用的,中文名叫挖财。按照app的介绍方法,我们可以用相似的内容来回答此话题的前两个问题。
 
  In terms of a money-saving method, the one that pops into my mind is to utilize a kind of financial application called wacai. Literally, it means to dig your fortune. I knew the application through the shared moment in wechat of one of my friends. She strongly recommended the application to all of us as she saved a large amount of money from day to day until that is possible for her to purchase a Macbook air. Shocked by her news, I downloaded the application and started to use it.(介绍app)
 
  这里,第三个问题涉及到省钱的方法,具体来说就是app的内容。
 
  The application is of various functions, ranging from keeping accounts to making investments. I will be notified everyday to charge up my daily expense. What’s more, it will remind me at the beginning of every month to make a plan of my monthly expense. Also, at the end of the month, a statement will be sent to inform me of the money I have spent in different ways of life, including transport, food, leisure and clothes. It enables me to know clearly my life condition. On top of that, tips will be sent to me to adjust my way of spending money and to lead a more cost-effective life.(基本功能介绍)
 
  最后一问,解释why it is a good way to save money等同于app中描述为什么它是一个有用的app。
 
  As the fact that I have experienced the application for half a year, it indeed is a magic application for me to save money. I am able to know every bill exactly. Hence, when I would like to purchase something, I will think twice. Likewise, I tried to do as the suggestions it offers and I really get surprised when six months later, I save enough money to go on a trip to Japan. So, that is why I believe it is a wonderful way for people to save money.(用户感受)
 
  除了这个话题之外,我们比较熟悉的describe an activity you do to keep fit可以和describe a positive change in your life转移,描述积极的改变是开始进行健身活动。还有之前的热门话题describe a new skill you plan to learn同样可以转移到新话题describe a course you want to study上面来,这样我们就可以准备一个话题适用两个啦!
 
  话题转移法之双管齐下
 
  双管齐下即一件事情从两个方面同时进行。事实上,这是雅思变题的特点之一。雅思口语话题既要求考生描述一些积极的话题,如describe a short vacation that you were impressed, 当然也不乏消极话题describe a short journey that you disliked。
 
  如果拿到的是比较正面的话题,考生应该都比较淡定。但是遇到消极话题,特别是没有准备过的新题时,很多考生都会纠结要怎样才能编造一个消极的经历出来。毕竟开心的事情比较能够让人记忆犹新,郁闷的事情郁闷过后也就忘记了。因此,在选择话题和具体描述方法上,时间就会被大大的浪费掉。
 
  文都语培部建议考生们在备考的过程中能够活用话题转移法,双管齐下,把话题正面描写转移到反面描述,从而减轻备考压力。
 
  事实上,describe a short vacation that you were impressed和describe a short journey that you disliked这两个话题的关键词都是一致的,即描述一次旅行,因此,描述话题的方法应该是一样的。对于一次愉快的旅行这样一个典型的经历类话题,相信很多考生都知道应该如何进行具体的描述。话题唯一的区别在于最后一问中的个人感受,一个是impressed印象深刻的,让人喜欢的,另一个是dislike不喜欢的。
 
  在没有变脸之前,考生对于印象深刻的旅行是这样描述的:
 
  It was one of the most impressive journeys that I had been to. First off, I have to say it was a fine day with comfortable temperature. Also, the air pollution index was much lower than the previous days. I felt refreshed by the clean air. Also, even though it was during the golden week, the traffic condition was pleasant.  There was traffic congestion and accidents. We enjoyed a smooth trip and it was not so difficult for us to find the parking lot when arriving at the destination. We tried the majority of the entertainment facilities there. As a result, I was real impressed by it.
 
  在面对一次不是很喜欢的旅行时,我们可以用同样的要素,进行反面描述。
 
  It was one of the most terrible short distance journeys. First off, I have to make a complaint about the weather. It was a hazy day and the air pollution index surged to nearly 380, which means there were loads of hazardous substances in the air. Also, as we chose to go out during the golden week, cars move as slow as ants on the highway. We delayed for two hours as we expected. Finally, when we succeeded in arriving at the destination, the crowded people drove us mad. So that is why I say it is a real unpleasant experience.
 
  对于话题进行正反转移后,我们可以发现,准备负面话题时的难度可以大大减低。我们只需要准备正面话题,按照同样的要素去进行反面抨击即可。同样,话题还适用于如描述describe a film you dislike时,可以从describe your favorite movie的要素来进行反面描写。
标签: 雅思 口语
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